Who is Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam?

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Who is Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam?

Scientist and politician Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, better known by his full name A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, played a key role in the creation of India's missile and nuclear weapons programmes. He was born in Rameswaram, India, on October 15, 1931, and died in Shillong on July 27, 2015. From 2002 until 2007, he served as president of India.

Who is Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam?

Kalam And DRDO.

After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology with a degree in aeronautical engineering, Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organization in 1958. (DRDO). He relocated to the Indian Space Research Organization in 1969, where he served as project director on the SLV-III, the nation's first satellite launch vehicle that was both designed and made there. 

After rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam oversaw the development of several successful missiles, earning the moniker 'Missile Man.' One of these accomplishments was Agni, India's first intermediate-range ballistic missile, which was launched in 1989 and featured elements of the SLV-III.

Services For The Government.

Kalam served as the defence minister's scientific adviser from 1992 to 1997. From 1999 to 2001, he was the government's principal scientific adviser and held the position of cabinet minister. Despite the fact that the tests raised significant concerns in the international community, Kalam's important role in the nation's 1998 nuclear weapons testing cemented India as a nuclear power and made him a national hero. 

Kalam's Vision For Future.

Kalam proposed the Technology Vision 2020 national strategy in 1998, which he characterised as a roadmap for transforming India from a less developed to a developed society in 20 years. Increased agricultural output, emphasis on technology as a driver of economic growth, and increased access to health care and education were among the recommendations made in the plan.

The Journey Of Being The President.

Despite being Muslim, Kalam was nominated by the Hindu nationalist NDA, and due to his prominence and general popularity, even the main opposition party, the Congress, suggested that he should run for the office. In July 2002, Kalam was elected as India's 11th president. He departed office at the conclusion of his term in 2007, and Pratibha Patil, the nation's first female president, took over.

After his military service, Kalam returned to civilian life and worked as a lecturer at several universities. He remained committed to using science and technology to advance India. On July 27, 2015, he passed out during a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong. He was later pronounced dead from a heart attack.

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