Static electricity is the imbalance between the electric charges and the material
which are not conductive can be charged with static electricity.
Electricity is all about the flow of electrons.
They move from one place to other and charge the material near it. Similarly, in static electricity, the flow of electrons happened and it is called the imbalance of the electrons
and more specifically it is the imbalance between the negative and positive charges
. The imbalance in the charges is only in the physical means. The main cause of the generation of static electricity is the physical contact between the material.
Earlier it was mentioned that the movement of protons is not possible and only the movement of electrons can be seen in the process of static electricity. The electrons in the material are held very loosely that they can be exchanged easily with the simple rubbing with any other material. These charges can be on the surface of the object until they don’t find a way to discharge. The lightning strike is the way to discharge through the circuit. And
Static electricity is the electric field that develops from stationary charges. The surface of the material has some electric charges which include static electricity and after combining with the charges present in the surface and the air, may become in the outer surface of the object.
All the non-conductive materials can be used to generate electricity. In our day-to-day life, we have often seen the effect of static electricity
like the beating rod on the clothes,
and the rod becomes charged and attracts the tiny blocs of paper or dust.
Generator for the static electricity
The static electricity can be produced with the help of an electrostatic generator. It generates electricity by transforming friction into electricity.
Two methods for generating the static charges
If the charges transferred between the objects due to friction is known as the Triboelectric effect.
It is the process of the redistribution of the charges on the surface of the objects due to the presence of the nearby charges or static electric field.