The Bhimbetka rock shelters
are a mixture of organic rock formations
located in the Vindhya Range's slopes in central India
. They are located in west-central Madhya Pradesh, around 45 kilometers south of Bhopal. The structure, which was founded in 1957
and comprises over 700 shelters
, is among India's
major ancient art collections. In 2003, the shelters were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary surrounds the facility.
The rock in the Bhimbetka area is studded with enormously carved structures. 243 shelters have indeed been explored on the Bhimbetka site's mountain only, where most of the archaeological study has been centered since 1971, with 133 of them containing rock art. In contrast to rock art, archaeologists have found a great set of pieces in the caves, heavy teak woods, and agricultural lands
surrounding Bhimbetka, the earliest of which are ensembles of Acheulean stone
The artworks are divided into ancient eras and demonstrate a huge amount of liveliness and storytelling talent
. The earliest is a massive geometric image of rhinoceroses and bears from the Late Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age). Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age
) artwork is shorter and depicts mankind's work in contrast to wildlife. Paintings from the Chalcolithic Period represent ancient human farming concepts (late Bronze Age). Finally, spiritual elements such as wood idols and imaginary cloud carriages are shown in ornamental artworks dating back to at least periods of history.
The caverns offer a rare look into the evolution of culture
from ancient wandering hunter-gatherers through established farmers to religious manifestations. The modern social customs of agricultural citizens living in rural near Bhimbetka have been seen to reflect those shown in the artworks.