Why Judiciary is the most important pillar of Indian Democracy?

Asked 28-Apr-2023
Updated 02-May-2023
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In a democratic system, the Judiciary is one of the essential pillars that upholds the principles of justice, fairness, and equality. The Indian Constitution recognizes the importance of an independent judiciary, and it has been entrusted with the task of upholding the Constitution and protecting the rights of citizens. The Judiciary in India is considered to be the most important pillar of democracy due to various reasons, some of which are discussed below.

Why Judiciary is the most important pillar of Indian Democracy

Firstly, the Judiciary plays a crucial role in interpreting the Constitution and ensuring that the fundamental rights of citizens are protected. The Constitution of India guarantees fundamental rights such as the right to life, equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, and the right to practice any religion, among others. In case of any violations of these rights, citizens can approach the courts, and the Judiciary ensures that justice is delivered to them. This ensures that the rule of law is maintained in the country and that the citizens have faith in the judicial system.

Secondly, the Judiciary acts as a check on the power of the executive and the legislative branches of the government. In India, the Judiciary is independent of the government, and it can hold the government accountable for its actions. It ensures that the government does not violate the Constitution and does not act beyond its powers. For example, the Judiciary can strike down laws that are unconstitutional, and it can also order the government to take certain actions to protect the rights of citizens. This ensures that the government is accountable to the people and that it functions in a transparent and responsible manner.

Thirdly, the Judiciary acts as a protector of the marginalized sections of society. In India, the Judiciary has been instrumental in protecting the rights of minorities, women, children, and other marginalized sections of society. It has played a vital role in ensuring that they have access to justice and that their rights are protected. For example, the Judiciary has been instrumental in striking down laws that discriminate against women and in ensuring that they are treated equally before the law. Similarly, it has also played a crucial role in protecting the rights of Dalits and other marginalized communities.

Fourthly, the Judiciary ensures that the principles of natural justice are followed. The principles of natural justice, which include the right to a fair hearing and the right to be heard, are essential for a democratic system. The Judiciary ensures that these principles are followed, and that justice is delivered in a fair and impartial manner. This ensures that citizens have faith in the judicial system and that justice is not only done, but also seen to be done.

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