Since the early days of the Cold War, Russia has had a number of close and important allies. These allies have been vital to Russia's security and international standing, and have helped to shape its foreign policy.
Russia's closest and most important allies are those countries that share its borders. These include Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, as well as Armenia and Tajikistan. These countries are all members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), a loose alliance of former Soviet republics.
Russia also has close ties with a number of other countries, including China, India, Iran, and Syria. These countries are all members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a security and economic bloc that also includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
Russia's relationship with the West has been strained in recent years, due to a number of factors including the Ukrainian crisis, the Syrian conflict, and the sanctions imposed by the West. However, Russia still has a number of important allies in the West, including Germany, Italy, and France.
In recent years, Russia has been increasingly allied with several countries, most notably China and Iran. These alliances are important to Russia for a variety of reasons, including economic and political stability.
Russia's closest ally is China, with whom it has a 'strategic partnership.' This partnership is based on a shared commitment to combating terrorism and extremism, as well as promoting stability in the Asia-Pacific region. The two countries have also cooperated on a number of economic initiatives, including the construction of a new oil pipeline between them.
Russia's other major ally is Iran. The two countries have a number of shared interests, including the fight against terrorism and the stability of the Middle East. They have also cooperated on economic projects, such as the construction of a new gas pipeline between them.
Finally, Russia is a close ally of India, another large and powerful country. The two countries are allies because they are both members of the BRICS group of countries, a group of emerging economies that also includes Brazil, China, and South Africa. India is also one of the largest buyers of Russian weapons, so the two countries have a strong military relationship.
These alliances are important to Russia because they provide it with a measure of economic and political stability. They also help to offset the influence of the United States and other Western countries.