Sanskrit poet Kalidasa is one of the most renowned classical poets of India. He lived in the Gupta period, which was a golden age of Indian culture. Kalidasa was a court poet to King Vikramaditya (Chandragupta-II). Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya, was a powerful emperor of the Gupta Empire in northern India. According to popular belief, Kalidasa flourished during the reign of Chandragupta II, and thus lived in the 4th-5th centuries CE. His works include the plays Abhijnanashakuntalam and Vikramorvashiya, as well as the epic poems Raghuvamsa and Kumarasambhava. Kalidasa is known for his beautiful and poetic Sanskrit language. His plays and verse are primarily based on the Vedas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Puranas.
Like most classical Indian authors, little is known about Kalidasa's personal life or historical connections. His poems imply, but never explicitly state, that he was a Brahman (priest), liberal while adhering to the orthodox Hindu worldview. His name, which means 'servant of Kali,' implies that he was a Shaivite (a devotee of the god Shiva, whose consort was Kali), though he occasionally praises other gods, most notably Vishnu.
The Gupta period was a time of great achievement in Indian culture and art. Kalidasa was one of the foremost poets and dramatists of his time. His plays and poems are still studied and performed today. Kalidasa wrote his plays and poems in Sanskrit, the classical language of India. Sanskrit was the language of the educated elite in India, and Kalidasa was a master of this language. His plays and poems are masterpieces of Sanskrit literature.
Kalidasa lived in a time of great achievement in Indian culture and art. Even today, his plays and poems are explored and performed.