- HTTPS (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure) is a secure version of HTTP that uses SSL/TLS to encrypt conversations. HTTPS encrypts typical HTTP requests and responses with TLS (SSL), making it safer and more secure.
- HTTPS specifies the format of communications used by web browsers to interact with one another, as well as how a web browser should reply to a web request. It also stops websites from having their content broadcast in a way that anyone with bad intentions may easily see.
- SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is an Internet security technology that uses encryption. In 1995, Netscape created it with the goal of ensuring privacy, authentication, and data integrity in Internet interactions. SSL uses digital signatures to protect sensitive data transmitted between systems, preventing unauthorised access and assuring data integrity.
- It accomplishes this by launching a 'handshake' authentication process. An SSL/TLS handshake is a conversation between two connecting devices, such as a browser and a web server, to establish connection information.
Read More: Name the three means of user authentication.