You must be wondering how old is Hinduism in India? And when religions merged? And even many more questions if you are always curious to know the history. So, the Vedic-culture development especially in India took place between 15th century BC to 5th century BC. After this period, this was the time when Vedic religion merged with the local traditions which resulted in rise of the Hinduism . It has had a profound impact on the history, culture and philosophy of India. In India both the Hindu and Muslim ruled.
The fall of Vijayanagara Empire I.e battle in Talikota led to end of Hindu domination in the Deccan politics marked as transition between the Medieval and early modern period. This was the time when Muslim ruled from 1200 AD to 1750 AD till the Hinduism again reached the political prestige under the Maratha period.
Here, all discussed but a question must be stuck in your mind that during all these transition period- Were any Muslims present in India before the Mughal empire or not? So, lets discuss when Muslims actually first invaded the India in the following points below:
Muslims in India –
- Muslims in India were present a long before the Mughals, were in communities along the Arabian coastal trade routes which is on India’s western coastline, present particularly in Gujrat and Malabar region as this was the time religion gained it’s initial acceptance in the Arabian Peninsula.
- The very first invasion was through the sea by new Muslim inheritor state that’s when Arab world occurred around 7th century AD during Rashidun Caliphate earlier then any Arab army could reach the border of India.
- Three mosques i.e the Barbada Mosque in Gujarat, Juma mosque in Kerela and Palaiya Jumma Palli in Tamilanadu were 1st mosques in India which were built by sea Voyage by the Arab traders.
- Muslims reached the central Indian subcontinent in during late 7th century when Arabs conquered the Sindh. Later, reached north India by Ghurid conquest by Muhammad Ghori defeating Prithviraj Chauhan during 12th century . The conquest led them to be the part of India’s religious as well as culture heritage. This was the most successful invasion which marked the formation of the Delhi Sulanate.
Another very successful invasion, took place in year 1398 which desolated the city of Delhi. Now, this was the time Mughal Empire started growing out of the Mangol dynasty in Turkestan around 15th century who converted to Muslim. They started growing military skills became first western military leaders who used guns as weapon. Finally, in 1526, Babur became the first Mughal emperor and marked the initiation of Mughal empire.