Who invented the Arc Lamp?

Asked 30-Aug-2018
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An arc lamp, often known as an arc light, is a lamp that emits light from an electric arc (also called a voltaic arc).

The carbon arc light, which consists of an arc between carbon electrodes in air, was the first practical electric light, devised by Humphry Davy in the first decade of the 1800s. It was widely employed for street and large building lighting starting in the 1870s until it was replaced by incandescent lighting in the early twentieth century.

Who invented the Arc Lamp?

Until after WWII, it was used in more specialized applications that required a high-intensity point light source, such as searchlights and movie projectors. Although the carbon arc lamp is no longer utilized for most of these applications, it is still employed to produce high-intensity UV light.

Gas discharge lamps, which produce light via an arc between metal electrodes passing through a gas in a glass bulb, are now known as gas discharge lamps. A low-pressure mercury arc lamp is the most popular fluorescent lamp. Many of the applications that previously employed the carbon arc, such as movie projectors and searchlights, now use the xenon arc lamp, which provides a high-intensity white light.

The discharge that happens when a gas is ionized is known as an arc. To 'ignite' or 'strike' the arc, a high voltage is pulsed across the lamp, after which the discharge can be maintained at a lower voltage. An electrical circuit with an igniter and a ballast is required for the 'strike.' The ballast is connected to the bulb in series and serves two purposes.