What is greenfield FDI?

Asked 16-Mar-2018
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Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment: A Definition and Overview

Greenfield foreign direct investment (FDI) is a type of investment made by a foreign company into a new venture in a foreign country. Unlike acquisitions, mergers, and other forms of foreign investment, greenfield FDI involves starting a new business from scratch.


Greenfield FDI refers to the establishment of a new business venture in a foreign country by a foreign company. The company invests in building new facilities, such as factories, offices, and other infrastructure, from the ground up. The term "greenfield" refers to a new and untested opportunity, as opposed to a pre-existing one.

Benefits of Greenfield FDI 

Greenfield FDI provides companies with the opportunity to enter new markets, expand their operations, and tap into new sources of growth. Companies can leverage their existing strengths and expertise to create new business opportunities and gain a competitive advantage in new markets.

For the host country, greenfield FDI can bring new jobs, new technologies, and new economic growth. The establishment of new businesses can also contribute to the development of local supply chains and increase access to new products and services.

What is greenfield FDI

Risks of Greenfield FDI 

However, there are also risks associated with greenfield FDI. Companies may encounter challenges in navigating a new regulatory environment, establishing new relationships with suppliers, and finding skilled labour. Additionally, there is the risk that the new venture may not be successful, resulting in a loss of investment.

Governments can mitigate these risks by providing a supportive environment for greenfield FDI, including favourable policies, transparent regulations, and strong legal protections.


Greenfield FDI is an important tool for companies looking to expand their operations and tap into new markets. By investing in new ventures, companies can leverage their existing strengths and expertise to create new business opportunities and drive economic growth. Governments can play a key role in supporting greenfield FDI by creating a favourable business environment and providing the necessary infrastructure and services. Ultimately, greenfield FDI can be a win-win for both companies and host countries, driving innovation, creating jobs, and contributing to overall economic growth.