Until 1949, India was never ruled by a single person. Before the Sultans, Prithviraj Chauhan ruled the nation.
Before Hemu, Prithviraj Chauhan was the last sovereign Hindu ruler to reign over Delhi
. He rose to the throne and governed from Ajmer and Delhi,
which he gained from his maternal grandfather, Arkpal or Anangpal III of the Tomara
dynasty in Delhi when he was just thirteen years old. He united the Hindu monarchs against Turkic incursions
and governed much of what is now Rajasthan and Haryana. His wedding with Samyukta (Sanyogita), the child of Jaichand, the ruler of Kannauj, is a legendary story of love in India, and one of the subjects of Chauhan's royal composer and colleague Chand Bardai's epic poem Prithviraj Raso. In the First Battle of Tarain in 1191, Chauhan destroyed Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori. The next year, Ghori invaded again, and Chauhan was beaten, imprisoned, and killed at the Second Battle of Tarain.