Which crop is sown on the largest area in India?

Asked 08-Dec-2017
Updated 21-Apr-2023
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India is an agricultural country, and agriculture is the backbone of its economy. The country has a diverse climate and soil conditions, which make it suitable for the cultivation of various crops. There are many crops grown in India, but one crop that is sown on the largest area in India is rice. In this answer, we will discuss the reasons for the widespread cultivation of rice in India.Which crop is sown on the largest area in India

Rice is a staple food in India, and it is grown in almost all parts of the country, from the northern plains to the coastal areas. It is the most widely cultivated crop in India, covering around 44 million hectares of land. The main reasons for the widespread cultivation of rice in India are:

  1. Climate and Soil: Rice is a tropical crop and requires a hot and humid climate for its growth. India has a favorable climate for rice cultivation, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 35°C and annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 3000 mm. Rice can be grown in a variety of soil types, but it prefers well-drained clayey soil. India has a vast area of fertile alluvial soil, which is ideal for rice cultivation.
  2. Food Security: Rice is a staple food for more than half of the Indian population, and it is a crucial source of nutrition for many people. The government of India has implemented several policies to support the cultivation of rice and ensure food security for the population. The government also provides subsidies for fertilizers, seeds, and irrigation facilities to farmers to encourage rice cultivation.
  3. Employment: Rice cultivation provides employment opportunities to millions of people in India, especially in rural areas. Rice cultivation requires a large labor force for activities such as transplanting, weeding, and harvesting. It is estimated that rice cultivation provides employment to around 70 million people in India.
  4. Export: Rice is one of the major agricultural commodities exported by India. India is the largest exporter of basmati rice in the world and ranks among the top ten exporters of non-basmati rice. Rice exports contribute significantly to the country's economy and help in earning foreign exchange.
  5. Multiple Cropping: Rice cultivation allows for multiple cropping in a year. In regions with favorable climatic conditions, farmers can grow two or three crops in a year, including rice. This helps in increasing the productivity of land and provides additional income to farmers.