What is the theme of the 2019 International Labour Day?

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Mishra Ji asked 06-May-2019 in Current affair by Mishra Ji

 What is the theme of the 2019 International Labour Day?

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UTKARSHA SINGHROUL answered 10-Jun-2019 by UTKARSHA SINGHROUL

The theme for the 2019 “International Labour Day” was, “Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners”.

 What is the theme of the 2019 International Labour Day?

International Labour Day or International Workers Day or May Day is celebrated annually on 1 May to celebrate the working class and laborers all over the world. The day is celebrated with an aim to pay tribute to all those workers sacrifices and their contribution in achieving the economic and social rights all over the world. During the phase of Industrialization i.e. at the beginning of the 19th Century, the novice industrialists used to exploit the labour class at an extreme level and made them work up to 15 hours a day or sometimes even more. Therefore, due this exploitation the workers rose against it and demanded a paid leaves, proper wages and suitable breaks for the workforce. Hence, the day is celebrated to mark the victory of the workers’ movement for eight hours of work in a day. However, in India, the first Labour Day or May Day was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai.
During the protest against exploitation at work many people have sacrificed their lives at the Haymarket Massacre which was held in the Chicago due to the strike carried out by the workers. So, the May Day is also celebrated to commemorate the event of Haymarket Massacre as well as to promote the social and economic achievements of the working group people in all over the world.

After all these, the International Labour Organization (ILO) the agency having it’s headquarter in the United Nations was established to deal with the issues of labour at an International Level. The ILO has about 185 members of the total (193) UN member states. The Organization was also honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in the year 1969 for its contribution in promoting peace among different classes, dealing with workers issues, providing them technical assistance which ultimately helps to develop the nation.

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