Why were the Middle Colonies known as the Breadbasket Colonies?

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Gray  park asked 28-Oct-2018 in History, Politics & Society by Gray  park

Why were the Middle Colonies known as the Breadbasket Colonies?


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UTKARSHA SINGHROUL answered 02-Jan-2019 by UTKARSHA SINGHROUL

The Middle Colonies are known as the Breadbasket Colonies because that area is very good for growing crops such as Wheat, Corn etc.

Why were the Middle Colonies known as the Breadbasket Colonies?
The Middle Colonies were the four of the total 13 Colonies in British America. It was located between the ‘New England Colony’ and the ‘Southern Colony’. The Middle Colonies soil was very rich and fertile, so the Ship Building and Lumber Industry were a huge success there due to huge coverage of Forest Area. As well as, Pennsylvania gets success in Textile and Iron Industry.
The first visitor in the Middle Colony experienced that the land was good for farming after the trees and rocks were cleared. As well as the weather is perfect for agriculture farming. Middle Colony not only earned money with farming but also they made money by doing the trade of crops in the major markets town. The good farming land was much cheaper than in Europe.
‘William Penn’ founded the Colony of Pennsylvania in the year 1682. Later, he attracted many immigrants from various countries through his policy of ‘Religious Liberty and Freehold Ownership’. The policy states that the farmers own their land free and clear from lease and dues to the landlords. Due to this, later, Philadelphia became the Wealthiest and the largest city in the British Colony. The British and Welsh Quakers were the majority of people who came to settle in Pennsylvania and New Jersey before 1700. Until the 1750s they remained the dominant social and political group.
Most of the artists and traders earn enough income to maintain a normal but respected existence. The artists worked in the team and pass their craft into their children. Whereas, farmers were dependent on the market such as to trade their livestock and crops. Due to which Philadelphia became the largest and wealthiest city of the English Colonies.