Before you start to build your own skateboard, you need to collect all of these materials listed above. As you build it yourself, so try to choose longer board hardware. If so, you can use a few portions of it for practice purpose. However, it doesn’t cost a lot. The expected cost is in the neighborhood of $80 and $120.
Step #1: Determining deck size:
The board part of your board is called deck. This deck could be in different sizes depending on your height. Here I have listed a standard deck sizing chart especially for the beginner to intermediate skaters. The left number represents the skater’s height and the right one represents the deck size. Here it goes –
Under 4 feet = 28 inches or smaller board
4 to 4.10 feet = 29 to 30 inches long
4.10 to 5.3 feet = 30 to 31.5 inches long
5.3 to 5.8 feet = 31.5 to 32 inches long
5.8 to 6 feet = 32 to 32.5 inches long
Above 6 feet = 32.5 inches and up
This size depends on your height. When it comes to the width of your feet, measure your feet first. Then determine a little larger size than your feet size.
Point to be noted, these sizes are estimated just as a guideline. You can change those according to your preference.
Step #2: Selecting wheels:
Wheels might be the heart of your skateboard. As you are going to depend a lot on the wheels, so try to choose a good pair of wheels. The skateboard wheels are available in different sizes, colors, and hardness. Basically, they have two stats –
• Durometer: It determines how hard your wheel is. Most of the skateboard wheel is marked as “a-scale”. It doesn’t matter if you don’t know what this scale number means. Simply remember that the higher the number, the harder the wheel. For example, if you notice “a95” written on a wheel, then this wheel is good for average street skateboard wheel. Similarly, “a70” is considered as a softer wheel.
• Diameter: The diameter determines the height of your wheel. Generally, we measure the diameter in millimeters (mm) unit.
Let’s talk about the wheel category depending on your riding style.
• Vert or Transition:
If you use love skating a lot and use it as your everyday travel partner, you will need a larger sized wheel. You may start with a 60mm wheel. But the 55-65mm wheels also work fine for the intermediate skaters. For the hardness, choose “a95” to “a100” level of hardness.
• Technical or street:
If you love to stunt on street, then you should go for a lighter and lower board. It will help you to make the stunts faster and easier. You should choose your skateboard wheel between 50mm to 55mm with “a97” to “a101” hardness level.
The cruising wheels are most preferable for higher speed. These wheels generally come with 64 mm to 75mm diameter and “a78” to “a85” harness level. Choosing a softer wheel will be recommended. Softer wheels can absorb much shock than the harder wheels.
Step #3: Choosing bearings:
Bearings are the little metal rings. These rings are fitted inside the wheel. Unfortunately, there is only one way to measure the quality of the bearings. But, this measurement scale doesn’t work properly with the skateboard bearings. This unit is mainly developed to measure the bearings of machines. However, this measurement unit is called “ABEC”. ABEC is number only by the odd numbers from 1 to 9.
ABEC is originally determined only the precision of the bearings. You know the more precise the bearing is, the weaker it becomes. But the skateboard bearings need to be both stronger and precise. The ABEC rating of an ideal skateboard is 3 or 5.
However, I will suggest you not to depend on the ABEC rating. Try to use some bearing on your own and choose the best one. Otherwise, take advice from your friends or ask the guy behind the skate shop counter.
Here you can also find your e-skateboard which is very affordable.