Elizabeth \e-lizabe-th, el(i)-za-beth\ as a girl's name is pronounced ee-LIZ-a-beth. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Elizabeth is "God's promise; God is my oath". Biblical: the mother of John the Baptist. Popular name since the 16th-century reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Actresses Elizabeth Ashley, Elizabeth Hurley, Elizabeth Montgomery, Elisabeth Shue, Elizabeth Taylor; politician Elizabeth Dole; suffragette Elizabeth Cady Stanton.