Chandrayaan – 1
was the first mission
in Indian history to reach the
it was launched by the PSLV-XL
on 22 October 2008
by the Indian Space Research organization
Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota
. And operated until August 2009
. The estimated cost that has been spent to build it was
The then Prime Minister
'Atal Bihari Vajpayee
' narrated in his speech on Independence Day
15 August 2003
about the Innovation in the mission of the moon and this was the first time when the word Chandrayaan- 1
was cited. And he also remarked to the nation that this will be the future development carrier for India.
Specifications of Chandrayaan -1
1- Mass – at launch – 1380 kg, at lunar orbit – 675 kg, after releasing the impactor
2- Power – the spacecraft was powered by the solar array. the dimension of that solar panel was
2.15. 1.8, and the power which was stored by the solar panel is 750 w of having the lithium-ion battery of
– this spacecraft used a bipropellant integrated propulsion
to reach the orbit and also for the orbit where it had to leave its landers and it has one 440N
thrust engine and eight 22 N
of thrusters. The other fuel and oxidizer agents were stored in another tank having a capacity of around 390 liters.
4- Dimension – it has a cuboid shape having 3.5 meters
– in this mission the scientific payload was 90 Kg
and it has
national instruments and 6 international instruments.
– This is a place where the Moon impact Probe ejected the soil of the moon
for the research of the
Lunar Water Ice
on the surface.
Interesting Fact – India became the 4th country to mark its presence on the surface of the Moon after the successful completion of this mission.