Java Swing is one of the key tools for Java and has been a go-to for developing user interfaces for years. However, in recent years, the JavaFX vs Java Swing battle has become a real tug-of-war for programmers who want to use the most effective means to create their apps. JavaFX has begun to make waves and steal business from its older and more-established cousin.
We’re here to cut through the fog and clear up any confusion you might have between the two Java buddies. We take a close look at both JavaFX and Java Swing’s building blocks, highlight the major differences between them, and help you determine which works the best for your coding situation. Our look at Java Swing and JavaFX gives you the facts to make a clear choice and sets you up for a rewarding and exciting career.
Both Java Swing and FX work alongside Java code. Java is one of the easiest and most popular languages around, and it’s the first choice of many aspiring developers. As Java became more used in development, a series of add-ons and specialized tools like Java Swing sprang up to address needs in niche areas of applications. Java Swing helps programmers create graphical user interface (GUI) applications, and helps make them cleaner and more efficient.
oders work with Swing to build Swing APIs. Swing took the place of Abstract Window Toolkit and provides developers with an interface that hews closely to the Java model, which makes transitioning from other environments into GUI development more seamless. Swing allows the creation of pluggable UI components and adds flexibility to the environment. With Swing, developers are free to create labels, buttons, and other UI components.
Java FX is Swing’s younger. FX behaves as a GUI library and lends itself to efficient and rapid development of desktop apps. Java FX has a modern design and provides developers with easy access to Rich Internet Application. Java coders who are used to working with Swing find the transition to FX to be largely painless. JavaFX uses top-level application containers. In JavaFX, the scene graph collects the UI elements, including layouts, controls, shapes, and groups. The elements are referred to as nodes, and each one has automatically available features that the developer can readily access. And FX also has special effects that you can easily add to create blurs, shadows, and other textural touch-ups.
Swing has a wider range of UI components compared to FX, but FX adds more all the time, so this difference might not be notable much longer. Likewise, JavaFX offers IDE support, but Swing’s IDE support is more mature and has more options for rapid deployment needs. On the flipside, FX offers consistent support for MVC, while Swing’s MVC support is not equal across all platforms.
1. Although JavaFX may be the most modern and easy to use API, it, as well as the GUI designer (Scene Builder) have been deprecated by Oracle.
2. It is based on MVC (Model View Controller)
3. Also used CSS for design the look and fill