What is colonialism, what is its role in world history?

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Shrikant Mishra asked 22-Feb-2021 in History, Politics & Society by Shrikant Mishra
edited 22-Feb-2021 by Shrikant-Mishra
What is colonialism, what is its role in world history?

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Aryan  Kasera answered 05-Mar-2021 by Aryan Kasera
The term colony comes from the Latin word colonus, meaning farmer.This root reminds us that the practice of colonialism usually involved the transfer of population to a new territory, where the arrivals lived as permanent settlers while maintaining political allegiance to their country of origin.
Colonialism occurs when a country or a nation takes control of other lands, regions, or territories outside of its borders (boundaries of the country) by turning those other lands, regions, or territories into a colony.
Colonialism can be define as control by one power over a dependent area or people.
Colonialism is a viral part of the human history and belong in family like other important word are Racism, Inequality, Slavery and Subjugation.
Sometimes the words 'colonialism' and 'imperialism' are used to mean the same thing. The truth is Colonialism happened in the whole word over the last few century.
History of colonialism
In antiquity, colonialism was practiced by empires such as Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Ancient Egypt, and Phoenicia. These civilizations all extended their borders into surrounding and non-contiguous areas from about 1550 B.C. onward, and established colonies that drew on the physical and population resources of the people they conquered in order to increase their own power.
Modern colonialism began during what’s also known as the Age of Discovery. Beginning in the 15th century, Portugal began looking for new trade routes and searching for civilizations outside of Europe. In 1415, Portuguese explorers conquered Ceuta, a coastal town in North Africa, kicking off an empire that would last until 1999.
Soon the Portuguese had conquered and populated islands like Madeira and Cape Verde, and their rival nation, Spain, decided to try exploration, too. In 1492, Christopher Columbus began looking for a western route to India and China. Instead, he landed in the Bahamas, kicking off the Spanish Empire. Spain and Portugal became locked in competition for new territories and took over indigenous lands in the Americas, India, Africa, and Asia.
What is colonialism, what is its role in world history?