The Indo-Tibetan Border Police
s an Indian paramilitary force. It was established on October 24, 1962 to protect the Indo-Tibetan border from the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. This force protects the border from Karakoram Pass to Lipulekh Pass and Indo-Nepal-China Trisangam at a length of 2115 km. Initially it was allowed only four battalions, which was later increased in 1979 to increase the working force of the force.
After the Indo-China conflict, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBPF) was formed on 24 October 1962 to provide security to the country's northern borders. The ITBP started as a small team of only four platoons which has now grown to 45 service platoons and four specialized platoons. This month, this force is entering the golden jubilee year of its formation. The main functions of the ITBP are to protect and guard the Indo-Tibetan border, to provide a sense of security to the people of the border, to protect important persons and to discharge internal security duties and to manage disaster.
The 3488 km long mountain region, rising from 9000 to 18700 feet in height, scorching cold places below 45 degrees below zero, bottomless valleys, inaccessible pits, dark rivers, dangerous glaciers, rocky slopes and invisible natural hazards Between ITBP jawans and officers spend a large part of their service time. It extends from the Karakoram Pass (the old trade route to Tibet in Jammu and Kashmir) to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh.
The ITBPF sign briefly describes its ethos, that is, 'bravery and sincere commitment'. An ATBP jawan is loyal to his salt, loyal to his duty and adamant in any kind of human or natural, difficult situation. He walks the path of improving things and maximizing the available resources.
This army took part in the Indo-Pak conflict in 1965. It drove them out of the war zone while fighting with enemies, carried out search operations to eliminate Pakistani intruders and military forces and provided security to major installations. Its two platoons in the 1971 war carried out the special task of identifying / locating and destroying several areas of intruder's bases in the Srinagar and Poonch regions, much appreciated for this campaign.
In 1978, the National Orders redefined the role of forces which changed its basic nature. It was assigned diverse tasks to create a multidisciplinary force.
ITBP provides protection to IB in its area of responsibility. Together with the IB, it also compiles cross-border crime and secret information, interrogates smugglers and intruders and jointly patrols the International Border / LAC. The ITBPF works closely with the military in sensitive areas. In the peace period, it makes itself more professionally prepared and efficient so that the real challenges can be dealt with when the time comes.
In 2003, the ITBP was entrusted with the responsibility of the Indo-China eastern region in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh for executing the Group of Ministers i.e. 'one border one force' and consequently entered the ITBP in the Northeast.