Baluchistan is the western province of Pakistan. The area called Balochistan is large and it is divided into contiguous areas of Iran (Sistan and Balochistan provinces) and Afghanistan. The capital city is Quetta. The main language of the people here is known as Baloch or Baluchi.
The idea of independence of Balochistan came in the idea of General Money in 1979, but it was incorporated into Pakistan in 1979 at the British behest. The 1980s saw the emergence of a Baloch nationalism in which the demand for Balochistan to be independent of Pakistan arose. The region is one of the least populated areas of Pakistan.
Indus Valley Civilization arose on its eastern edge. Some scholars believe that the original people of the Indus Valley Civilization were Baloch only. But its evidence is negligible. Skepticism remains so far because of not reading the script of the Indus Valley. But the remains of the Indus civilization are rarely found in today's Baluchistan.
The Baluchi people believe that their original residence was in the Syrian region and their origin is Semitic (Afro-Asiatic). Today's southern Baluchistan was part of the Kamran province of Iran while the northeastern part was part of Sistan. In 652, Muslim caliph Omar ordered an attack on Kamran and it became part of the Islamic Caliphate. But Umar confined his empire to Kamran.
The whole of Balochistan came under Khilafat, to the western end of the Indus River, against Ali. There was also another rebellion at this time. In the rebellion in 663, Kalat left the hand of Rashidun Khilafat. Later the Ummyads captured it. After this, it was also the subject of Mughal intervention but eventually joined the British rule. The idea of making it independent in 1944 also came to the mind of the British but in 1947 it became part of independent Pakistan.
Balochistan liberation movement has always supported India and has demanded its help and with the current Narendra Modi govt in its full political force, it will very possible that by the next decade if India faces a decisive war with Pakistan then it will surely get some merged in India. Let's wait for that very movement when our sisters and brothers of Balochistan will chant "Jai Hind".