New Education Policy -2020: Key Points at a Glance
Just as the stagnant water starts to stink at one place, in the same way, after studying an old system (which can also be called Rattu parrot education system), the children stop benefiting from education.
This is the reason why education policy in India has been changed from time to time. The first education policy in India was started by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1968. After this, the next policy was made by Rajiv Gandhi's government in 1986, second education policy in which Narasimha Rao government made some changes in 1992.
Thus, at present, 34 years old education policy was going on in India which was becoming ineffective with changing scenario. This is the reason that in the year 2019, the Ministry of Human Resource Development prepared a draft of the new education policy and sought advice from the public.
India's new education policy 2020 has been approved by the Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 August. This new education policy was drafted by former ISRO chief K.K. A committee of experts headed by Kasturirangan has prepared. Let us know in some points what are the main points of the new Education Policy 2020?
Key Points at a Glance:
1. In the new education policy 2020, 6% of GDP will be spent on education, which is currently 4.43%.
2. Now the education up to class five will be in mother tongue.
3.The Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed as Ministry of Education. Therefore, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank will now be called the education minister of the country.
4. Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single body for all higher education except law and medical education. That is, there will be a single regulator for higher education. 3.5 crore new seats will be added in higher education.
5. Vocational courses will be started from sixth class. Students desirous for this will be given internship from 6th class onwards.
6. Music and arts will be promoted by including them in the curriculum.
7.A National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created to promote e-curricula for which virtual labs are being developed.
8. The target of achieving higher enrollment ratio of GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in higher education by 2030 is 50% which was 26.3% in the year 2018.
9.The most important point of the new education policy 2020 is the implementation of multiple entry and exit systems. Now, if a student is not able to pursue further studies after studying engineering for six years or for six semesters, then he / she does not achieve anything.
But now, after leaving the study after one year in multiple entry and exit system, certificate will be given, diploma after two years and degree will be given after leaving the study after three to four years. This will reduce the dropout ratio in the country.
10.If a student wants to skip a course and take admission in another course, then he can take a break from the first course for a specific time and join the second course and after completing it can continue the previous course again. is.
11.There are different rules for Central Universities, Deemed Universities, and Standalone Institutions at present. The new education policy 2020 will have the same rules for everyone.
12.The National Research Foundation (NRF) will be established as an apex body on the lines of the NSF (National Science Foundation) of America to promote research and research in the country. The main objective of the establishment of NRF is to promote the culture of research through universities. It will be governed independently by the government, a board of governors and will finance large projects.
13. So these were some important points about India's new education policy. It is expected that with this new education policy, employment-oriented education will be promoted in the country and children will get rid of the culture of rote learning.