Section 1 of Article 2 of the US Constitution gives detailed information about the presidential election there. In this, three major things have been noted, under which the foundation of the American election is laid, if any person wants to become the President of America, then it is necessary to fulfill the three conditions.
1. The person contesting the election must be a born American.
2. He should be at least 35 years old.
3. The person contesting the election must have been in America for at least 14 years.
In America, there is a two-party system, first Republican and second Democrats. Both parties have to nominate one person from their side as the presidential candidate whom the public votes for. But even before choosing this candidate, there is a long process because the president wants to be everyone but how the candidate will be selected by the people or supporters of the party.
There are two types of elections to decide the candidate of the party, first primary and second caucus. In this, any party worker can stand for the presidential election, he only needs his supporters.
If we talk about primary elections, these are done under state governments, which can also be done openly and closedly. That is, if the state government chooses to conduct elections openly, then along with the supporters of the party, the general public can also vote. On the other hand, if there is a closed vote, then only the supporters associated with the party vote for the candidate.
Now, if we talk about the caucus system, these elections are conducted by the party itself, in which the supporters of the party gather at one place and discuss different issues. The President listens to the person standing for the candidate, after that a candidate is given support by standing in the same assembly, although this happens in very few states.
(There is also a trick in the US electoral system that a voter has to register for a party for some time before the election, only then he can participate in such primaries or caucus elections)
To be a presidential candidate on behalf of both Republicans and Democrats, a number is required, a number that is required in primary and caucus elections. For example, if 10 people are in the presidential race on behalf of one party, then they have to get the support of the highest number of delegates in the primary or caucus elections in every state, finally the national convention based on the number of these delegates. Moves towards
Once the primary election is over, the picture becomes clear as to who will be the presidential candidate from both parties. But its official declaration is in the National Convention, the National Convention of Democrats is always in July and the Republican Party in the month of August.
Here the top party of the party declares the candidate, then the presidential candidate makes a speech in front of his supporters, accepts the candidature and along with it, announces the candidate of the elected Vice President of his choice. And from here the real process of the US presidential election begins when the presidential candidate chosen by the party goes out to campaign in the entire country.
The American public always votes for the presidency in the first week of November, but this vote is not done directly for the candidate. The American public first elects an elector locally, it is representative of the American presidential candidate.
Its group is called the Electoral College which has a total of 538 members who come from different states. The public directly selects the same members who go ahead and elect the president. When the American public votes their elector once, they have no hand in the presidential election. It only depends on the elector that he wants to make a president.
To become president any candidate needs the support of more than 270 electors. The person who has a figure of more than 270 takes oath as President or Vice President of America on 20 January.