Importance of national flag of India.
National Flag of India is horizontal tricolor of deep saffron Kesari, represents courage and sacrifice at the top, white colour indicates peace and truth in the middle and dark green represents faith and chivalry at the bottom.
2:3 is the ratio of the width of the flag to its length. In the centre of white band is a wheel, in navy blue colour. Its design is that of the wheel (Chakra) with 24 Spokes on the abacus of the Sarnath lion capital of Ashoka. Its diameter equals to the width of the white band. On 22nd July, 1947 the constituent assembly adopted the design of the national flag. Its use and display are regulated by a code.A new Flag code of India, 2002 took effect from 26 January 2002 and its provisions are : No restrictions for displaying the national flag by members of general public, private organisations and educational institutions.
However, Prevention of Improper Use Act 1950, the prevention of insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and few other law enacted on the subject are guidelines for using the flag with dignity and pride.
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The national flag tricolor contains three colors saffron, white and green. These three colors have their own importance and their philosophical meanings are also derived. The makers of the Rashtravadja used these three colors and the Ashoka Chakra very thoughtfully to tie the country into a formula. The saffron color present in the tricolor is considered a symbol of courage and sacrifice. White color is a sign of truth, peace and purity. The third color of the tricolor is considered a symbol of prosperity. These colors together make a symbol of the pride of the country and impart knowledge about life along with the message of brotherhood.