kidney transplantation and liver transplantation
When the function of kidneys becomes as low as 10% the state is known as End Stage Rental Disease. For ESRD patients kidney transplantation or lifelong dialysis are the treatment options. Donor and recipient surgeries are done simultaneously. Donor kidney is placed inside the lower abdomen and not in the position of native kidneys ( whose artery is interjoined to internal iliac artery, veein to external iliac vein and ureter to recepient's urinary bladder).
Transplanted kidney immediately start functioning producing large amounts of urine. Lifelong periodic check-ups is indispensable after discharge from the hospital. In case of live donation the rate of survival of the graft after one year is 95% while graft from deceased donors is 90%.
Whereas, in liver transplantation a part of the liver from living donors or whole organ from a deceased donor is transplanted in cases of liver failure. Acute liver failure or chronic liver disease going for end stage is the usual indications for liver transplantation. Contraindications include non-correctable heart.
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