Champaran: Today, 101 years of the Champaran Satyagraha centenary celebrations have been completed. Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the centenary celebrations organized on this occasion. A century ago, Mahatma Gandhi started his Satyagraha experiment from Champaran. Do you also know these things about the battle that Gandhi started against Champaran against the British?
- Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha was born on the land of Champaran. The first Satyagraha was done here for the first time in the year 1917.
- Mahatma Gandhi Champaran had just come to see the condition of the farmers. After reaching here, he saw the condition of poverty and misery, after that he decided to wear a dhoti up to his knees for life, so that expenditure on clothes would be reduced.
- The farmer whose Mahatma Gandhi came to Champaran after hearing the agony, was named Rajkumar Shukla. At that time Gandhiji did not know that he was going to carry out the Satyagraha movement. Rajkumar Shukla was an illiterate farmer of Champaran.
Bihar was not divided then. The pressure of the British had increased on the farmers of Champaran. Farmers were forced to forcibly cultivate indigo plants. Even the British enforced the rule for farmers that 3 out of 20 fields of indigo plant would be grown. It was given the name of Teenkathiya.
After reaching Champaran, when Gandhi wanted to start an investigation into the matter, people stopped him himself. Therefore, he did not start his investigation from Champaran and started at the house of Babu Gorakh Prasad of Motihari.
During the investigation, Gandhiji often used to come to the village sitting on an elephant. During this time, he sent a summons from the court. Gandhiji was accused of violating Section 144. But despite this, Gandhiji refused to leave Champaran.
Gandhiji appeared for hearing in Motihari court on 18 April 1917. He was accompanied by more than 2000 people from the village. For the first time such a hearing took place, in which the accused himself was believing that it was my fault, I agreed. The court was giving bail and the accused was ready to serve the sentence. The government had to withdraw its case. After this, Gandhi was given written permission to investigate. This was the first victory made towards independence.
- In this survey, Gandhiji was helped by Babu Rajendra Prasad, Dharnidhar Prasad, Gorakh Prasad, Ramanaswamy Prasad Swamy, Sambhusaran and Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Within a month, 4,000 people gave their statements.
Bihar authority expressed its displeasure over Gandhi's stay and survey in Champaran. Therefore, on 4 June 1917, Sir Edward Gate, Lieutenant Governor of Bihar formed an Inquiry Committee.
On July 11, 1917, the Champaran Inquiry Committee started its meeting and after several investigations submitted its report on October 4.
Finally, on March 4, 1919, the Governor General gave a legal seal to the document, which called for the abolition of the three-party system.