Columbian exchange or Columbian Interchange
is referred to the process of transferring plants, animals, precious metals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases, and ideas between the western and eastern hemispheres.
It was mainly exchanged between the Americas, Europe, and Africa.
Named after the great explorer Christopher Columbus, some of the exchanges were purposeful while others were accidental and unintended.
The cultures of both regions were majorly impacted by the significant movement of goods, services, and people.
• The new contacts among the populations resulted in the interchange of a wide variety of crops and livestock- leading to
• Also, some important medicinal properties were discovered by the Europeans and the Americans. Like, the discovery of quinine for malaria.
• A lot of cultural exchanges also occurred between both the hemispheres, like the transfer of European values to indigenous cultures, the increasing role of women and children in the cultural system, and different concepts of labor.
Even though the impact of this exchange led to some unintended problems also, like communicable diseases and other things, but overall this shift was regarded as high socio-cultural change by the philosophers.