how many times mohammad gori attacked india ?

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Aditya Kumar Patel asked 03-Jul-2018 in History, Politics & Society by Aditya Kumar Patel

how many times mohammad gori attacked india ?

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HARPREET  SINGH answered 02-Sep-2018 by HARPREET SINGH
In the second half of the twentieth century, the reign of Emperor Prithvi Raj Chauhan was ruled by Delhi and Ajmer. His father Someshwar Chauhan was the ruler of Ajmer, with whom the second daughter of Raja Anang Pal Tomar III, ruler of Delhi was married. Anangpal's first daughter was married to Rathore Raja Vijay of Kannauj, whose son was Jaychand. In this way Jaychand Pruthviraj Chauhan used to be the cousin brothers. Anangpal, ruler of Delhi, had no son, so he knew Prathviraj Chauhan as his successor. In this way both Prithviraj and Delhi came under the rule of Ajmer.
Naturally, Jaychand had not liked this thing, so he considered Prithviraj to be hostile to the beginning. If that was the case, it was a mistake, but it was a mistake that Prithviraj Chauhan ran away with the daughter of Jaychand, who liked him. From here, Jaychand had a hatred towards Prithviraj Chauhan and he began to degrade Prithviraj at any cost.

how many times mohammad gori attacked india ?

At that time Muhammad Shahabuddin Ghori had somehow become the sultan of Ghajini in 1173. He had kept many Turk slaves, whom he had given good military and administrative education. He used to believe them very much. In his rule, many slaves reached high positions in army and administration, and they all were prepared to give life to Muhammad Ghori. In the generalship of such slaves, Muhammad Ghori won the kingdoms of Afghanistan and started his rule by making Ghazni as capital.
His eyes were towards India from the beginning. First he won Lahore in 1186 and captured the fort of Sialkot. It is said that it also got the help of the then Hindu ruler of Jammu. After Lahore, he turned to Gujarat, but Raja Bhimdev Solanki of Gujarat severely defeated him. From there, Mohammad Ghori ran away from life and never again turned towards Gujarat. But by making Lahore a center, he looked towards different parts of India.

It is said that at the same time, King Jaychand of Kannauj advised Ghori to attack Prithviraj Chauhan and promised that he would fully support him in this. Based on this assumption, it is believed that Jayachand had called Ghori. Even today, the name of Jayachand is synonymous with sedition.
The first battle between the forces of Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan was in 1191 AD in the field of Tarain near Thaneswar. Ghori had a large army of 1.2 million soldiers, including thousands of horsemen. On the other hand, Prithviraj Chauhan's army was also about one lakh and his army had thousands of elephants. There was a heavy defeat of Ghori in this war, because her cavalry could not fight elephants. Most of the Ghori's soldiers were killed and the abandoned companions left the place and went away. Jayachand's help also did not work. Ghori was caught in the injured position.

When Ghori was captured and brought in front of the emperor Prithviraj Chauhan, he started pleading for life and apologized. He swore by the Quran that now he will never come back to India. Prithviraj's ministers and advisers advised him not to forgive, but Prithviraj Chauhan was a Suryavanshi, so on his old tradition he followed that a person who comes in shelter should be forgiven. This mistake of Prithviraj Chauhan has become very fatal afterwards, causing the country to become the slave of the heathen for hundreds of years. So it is said that Prithviraj Chauhan had forgiven Ghori 17 times. But the credibility in this claim is low.

Whatever happened, when he get back to his country as a free man, he forgot her vow and again made preparations to attack India. About a year later, in 1192 AD, he took a large army and then attacked India. In the same field of Tarain, he was again fought with the forces of Prithviraj Chauhan and his colleagues. The result was also going to be the same as before. But here Ghori did a trick.
There was a rule of Hindu kings that the war was always fought after the sunrise and before sunset. At sunset, the war was stopped. Ghori knew this rule, but did not believe it according to his culture. One day he attacked Prithviraj's army at dawn. By then his army was not ready to wake up. So a very large part of Prithviraj's army was destroyed in a short span of time and the remaining army collapsed. By the time Prithviraj Chauhan understood something, he was caught by the soldiers of Ghori and made captive.

Ghori did not forget the previous defeat and he also remembered the oath of his Koran. But he refused to leave Prithviraj not only, but also raised his eyes with burning bars. Historians have written that later Ghori killed Prithviraj and buried him in a tomb in Afghanistan only.

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