Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 14th September throughout the country.
But do you know why the Hindi day is celebrated on this day?
When the country was liberated in 1947, official language was a big question in front of the country. There were hundreds of languages and thousands of dialects in a vast country of India. On December 6, 1946, a Constituent Assembly was constituted to prepare the constitution of independent India. Sachchidanand Sinha was made the interim president of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as president. Dokra Bhimrao Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly (Committee on Constitutional Amendment). The Constituent Assembly approved its final draft of the constitution on November 26, 1949. Our Constitution of Independent India came into force on 26th January, 1950.
In addition to the various rules of law in the constitution, the issue of the official language of the new nation was important. After much deliberation, Hindi and English were chosen as the official language of the new nation.
On September 14, 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the official language of the nation along with English written in Devanagari script. Later, considering the importance of this historic day, the Jawaharlal Nehru Government decided to celebrate on September 14 as Hindi Day. The first official Hindi day was celebrated on 14th September 1953.
During the freedom struggle, there was a demand for a common language for a nation. Leaders of different provinces considered Hindi to be the language of the country. Hindi was spoken in most of the states of West India except north India. But Hindi was a lingering language for the South Indian states and the North-Eastern states. That is why after independence Hindi was not declared the official language of the country. Under Article 351 of the Constitution, it is the responsibility of the Central Government to develop and promote Hindi as the medium of expression.
At that time it was the idea that the government would propagate Hindi and when it was approved by the consensus in the whole country, it could be declared a state language.
However, when it was time to withdraw English as official language, protests started in some parts of the country. There were violent demonstrations in South Indian states. In Tamilnadu in January 1965, riots broke out due to language controversy. After that, the central government passed a resolution to amend the constitution to keep English as the official language of India with Hindi. Apart from the official language, the Constitution of India contains
22 languages in the eighth schedule.
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