Which newspaper was started by Motilal Nehru in 1919?
In 1919, The Independent was an Allahabad based daily paper started by Motilal Nehru. The paper shut down under British restraint two years after the fact.
The Independent was begun on 9th of February 1919 with the essential point of countering the direct political line embraced by the then driving Allahabad day by day The Leader. Motilal Nehru has aided the paper's foundation by BG Horniman and Syed Hussain who turned into the Independent's editorial manager. The paper's motivation as per Motilal was 'to take up arms against absolutism' and to 'verbally process for India', however from the earliest starting point the paper experienced feeble accounts. The daily paper was noted for its radical line and trenchant feedback of the British approaches.
Syed Hussain surrendered his editorship a couple of months after the fact, after a disagreement with the Nehrus over his relationship with Vijayalakshmi Pandit, and left the nation and George Joseph was selected as his successor. With Joseph were three others on the publication staff-Venkatraman, an attorney, Sadanand who later turned into the director of the Free Press gathering of daily papers and Mahadev Desai, Gandhi's partner and individual secretary. The strident study of its strategies was disdained by the pioneer government. In 1921 the Chief Secretary of the United Provinces kept in touch with George and the Independent's distributor C B Ranga Iyer blaming them for impelling brutality through their production and further requesting that they cease from distributing any such material later on. The editorial manager and the paper, however, overlooked the administration's notice.
On 6th of December, 1922, George Joseph was captured and in a trial held the following day condemned to three years in jail. The administration likewise reallocated the paper's security store. On 22nd December 1921, Mahadev Desai began distributing the paper again under the subtitle 'I change, however, I can't pass on'. These were cyclostyled duplicates of a transcribed paper and each duplicate of it was sold, getting an aggregate whole of ?350. Before long, Desai too was captured and condemned to a year's thorough detainment for drawing out an unregistered daily paper. Following his capture, Devdas Gandhi assumed control over the daily paper.