*Trading post in 1612 at Gujarat*
Despite the fact that the English landed at Surat in 1608, it was quite a while before a perpetual industrial facility was set up. The long nearness of the Portuguese on the west shore of India, pre-dating Mughal control, made unrestricted access for different Europeans more problematical than on the east or 'Coromandel' drift, or at the open port of Bantam.
Surat, the outlet for the material fabricates of Gujarat and the embarkation point for the yearly Haj journey was the most vital community for the abroad exchange of the Mughal Empire. And additionally giving materials to be traded to pepper and flavors in Southeast Asia, it offered the likelihood of taking an interest in and mirroring existing exchange organizes westwards to Persia, a wellspring of crude silk, and into the Red Sea, where Egyptian and Turkish vendors made yearly buys of Gujarati materials with silver. Surat was likewise, obviously, the principal real Asian port city inside the reach of boats
Existing courses of action between the Mughal nearby specialists and the Portuguese, who held a string of strengthened bases along the drift north from Goa, went down by consistent maritime watches, were not to be effortlessly toppled. The English needed to exhibit that they could be significant to a greater extent a threat adrift and that they were equipped for crushing Portuguese assaults. This they continued to do throughout the following couple of years. Sir Henry Middleton pillaged the Red Sea sending in the mid-year of 1612 and Portuguese armadas were beaten off with awesome misfortune, inside sight of Surat, in December 1612 and January 1615. All things considered, the Mughal specialists would not at long last concede the English without Imperial consent, which prompted a wonderful arrangement of early contacts with the Mughal court.