Which element is the highest conductor of electricity?

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Vritika Goel asked 01-Feb-2018 in General Knowledge by Vritika Goel

Which element is the highest conductor of electricity?

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akriti kashyap answered 02-Feb-2018 by akriti kashyap

A conductor of Electricity!

Which element is the highest conductor of electricity?

Conductivity is the ability of a substance which are eligible for transmitting energy. Conductivity can be classified into different forms or types which includes thermal conductivity, acoustical conductivity, and electrical conductivity. Talking about the most conductive element present in the periodic table is Silver which is been followed by Cooper and Gold.

Silver persists the highest thermal conductivity of all the elements and one of the highest light reflective element. Though, silver been the best conductor among all but still cooper and gold are much-preferred reason been that cooper is one of the cheapest element whereas gold has been gifted with the quality of higher corrosive resistance.

Due to its tarnishing trait, it is been preferred less for higher frequencies reason being its surface which is less conductive!

Coming over the point, as to show silver been the prime conductor that is because it has a much more of freer electrons than other elements which are related to the crystal structure and the valence structure.

Variant metals are of the electrical conductivity. Other elements which are involved in the conduction include zinc, iron, aluminum, platinum, and nickel whereas Bronze and Brass are the conductive alloys rather than an element.

Electrical Conductivity of an element can be hampered:

Factors which are involved are listed below:-

Temperature: Changing temperature of silver or some other conductor modifies its conductivity. When all is said in done, expanding the temperature causes warm excitation of the molecules and abatements conductivity (builds resistivity). The relationship is direct, however, it separates at low temperatures.

Impurities: when impurities are added up the conduction of the element is been affected thus it lower down. Taking up an example sterling silver is not as good conductor as the pure silver in the same way oxidized silver is not as good as the untarnished silver. Well, so the conclusion is the flow of electron hinders with the entertainment of impurities.

Crystal Structures and Phases: If there are diverse periods of a material, conductivity will moderate somewhat at the interface and might be not the same as one structure than another. The way a material has been prepared can influence how well it conducts electricity.

Electromagnetic Fields: Transmitters create their own particular electromagnetic fields when the power goes through them, with the attractive field opposite to the electric field. Outer electromagnetic fields can deliver magnetoresistance, which can moderate the stream of current.

Frequency: The wavering cycles an exchanging electrical current finishes every second is its recurrence in Hertz. Over a specific level, a high recurrence can make current stream around a conductor as opposed to through it (skin effect). Since there is no swaying and thus no recurrence, the skin effect does not happen with direct current.