The Cold War is called the period of geopolitical tension (1945–1991) after the Second World War between the Soviet Union and its dependent countries (Eastern European countries) and the United States and its allied countries (Western European countries).
After World War II, the world was divided into two power groups dominated by two superpowers - the Soviet Union and the United States.
It was an ideological war between the capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union in which both superpowers were attached to their respective group countries.
The term 'cold' is used because there was no direct large-scale war between the two sides. The term was first used by the English writer George Orwell in an article published in 1945.
The Cold War Allied Countries, which included the U.K., France, etc., led by the United States and began between the Soviet Union and its dependent countries.
Following are the main reasons for the origin of the Cold War.
- The spread of capitalist and communist ideology
- The Soviet Union not following the Yalta Agreement
- The Soviet Union and America's ideological differences
- Soviet Union's emergence as a powerful nation
- Soviet intervention in Iran
- Soviet intervention in Turkey
- Communist spread in Greece
- Second Front Dispute
- Appeasement policy
- The Soviet Union ignores Balkan Agreement
- America's nuclear program
- Conflicting publicity
- Termination of the land-lease agreement
- US support to fascist forces
- Berlin controversy
- Repeated use of veto power by the Soviet Union
- Narrow national interest based on narrow nationalism